Camera Workshop

Notes from the Advanced Camera Workshop, self-shooters and camera operators in particular will find it useful, so enjoy and check out the videos at the end.

In terms of visual, when you here the term shallow it equals blurry, its more for storytelling. The opposite is deep depth of field like the JVC camera.

The circle of confusion is critical when talking about depth of field.

The 3 things that affect depth of field are lens aperture, focal length and subject distance. Some also say sensor size.

Log curves – see arri website
Alexa camera stimulator

Always shoot in log rythmic rather than rec 709. It will look flat and washed out but there will be more lattitude when it comes to colour grading.

Dit: A Digital Image Technician understands the look up table, makes sure the camera is set up the right way, monitors the p3 image, he’s also the clap loader and data arrangler. Uses a minimum of 4 back up systems.

PL mount is the industry standard
Always shoot 25 fps unless its a feature film
Default shutter speed at 180degrees

See cinematic anamorphic lenses. They have 4:3 sensors.

The 6 fundamentals of cinematograpy are: gain, focus, audio, exposure, white balance and I missed the last one, can anybody remind me?

Digibeta was used to master major productions.

Use film stocks based on the environment you’re shooting in.

3D can’t be shot on film, it’s always digital.

Panasonic 101 parameters before drama shoot:
Sw mode low 200 high 800
Sw mode atw for white balance
Std mean auto iris

To build a clean look use these settings:
Detail: -5
V.details: -5
Detail coring: +2
Chroma level: -2
Master ped: +2
Gamma: cine D
Matrix: Norm 2

Types of lenses used:
20mm pancake lens ideal for getting close up.

35mm macro lens good for focusing on eyes.

100mm with red rock adapter.

Always convert files to pro res in final cut by setting the scratch disk in system settings.

Videos from the session, messing with lenses
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=qxDvr09LakI&feature=plcp
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=f5rZsi04PLk&feature=plcp
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=WhYyfbfK6XE&feature=plcp
http://m.youtube.com/watch?feature=plcp&v=oMwAgdhKnxg

Foley Artist Gary Hecker

I came across this video while researching artificial sound creation, also known as foley. Foley will be key in order for me to accomplish the test I want to carry out. During my test, one of the shorts I’m making will have very good sound compare to the poor sound that the other short will have. The shorts will have identical visuals as I stressed in an earlier post. Therefore it is crucial that I understand how it functions and what surfaces and materials are required to produce good quality sound to go with the visual.

http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=rpdNPsUnDqU

http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=wx32-L9tJcE

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Diverse surfaces inc Gravel, Flour, Leaves …

Advanced Drama Editing Practice

On wednesday the 13th, I attented the advanced editing workshop, which I enjoyed because it was new to me. I hadnt edited drama until then, and I found it different to editing documentary in terms of story telling style. Nethertheless I found it interesting. We were given rushes and instructed to edit them and tell a coherant story. The key points I got from the session were to edit on movement and to snip out a couple of frames during action.
Here are clips that I edited on the day:
Dave showing examples etc …
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=pteMGg6IcDc&feature=plcp
Drama edit 1
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=kWK2TRjviI0&feature=plcp
Drama edit 2
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=aO0Em1YHElw

Sound Production Workshop

Todays’ session consisted of going out and producing a short sound piece. The narrative involved an individual running away from something outdoors, the individual manages to make his/her way indoors looking for refuge where there is a funny twist. We decided to make it funny because one of the hardeat things to do is to make people laugh. I believe that we achieved that target.

We gathered interior and exterior sounds as well as artificial sound with the help of the foley studio. The piece was edited in Protools.

I enjoyed the session, at the end of it I was encouraged to produced more sounds to go in my library, which I look forward to achieving.

Lecture Notes
•Sound workshop with Michele
•Plug in time compression
•Time stretch modifies the length of the audio clip
•You can make it longer or shorter and change the pitch
•The higher quality the more you can stretch
•Use EQ to correct unwanted sounds
•Always use atmos before changing location
• Reverb puts sound into place, in the real wprld sound bounce depending on the place and surfaces

Here are some pics and videos from the session:

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Sound recording and foley:
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=uq1OqaCFg4Y
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=Ayf8XyJClx8
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=w30GoMrBrFs
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=BWqFHOYuOLA
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=H-Jn5U-EhXI
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=hgAqt_YR9R8
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=uFdWrQah5_I
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=63TGv3lD_VE
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=JLi50BiTWrM

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Task introduction
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=78tmIYWvC7M

Mana mana followed by Michele story:
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=iiMCGd63Vbw

Setting up the kit:
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=ds2wuHlxWxY http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=okAPaV1RBtw

Videos & Pictures from the Drama workshop

Played around with script, directing, tracking and diverse lenses. I found it very helpful, especially when it involved using different lenses and how to make sure everybody is on the same wave length prior to shoot with these simple sentences:

Tv studio with Dave Neal

1 director shouts turn over
2 camera operator hits red button and shouts turning over
3 sound rolling
——————————————
• Clap board comes in shot with all the scene details
• camera operator refocuses for the shot
• then shout out camera set
• that the cue to shout action!

Those sentences were different to the ones I’m accustomed to.

Videos from the workshop

• Playing with the iris –

http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=xRkE2Oj5NEE

• How to change lenses –

http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=hI4tz-aS9fM

• Directing and consulting the assistants –

http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=OYvVpn0ZeDE

• When to and not to use dolly –

http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=p7Yy4Ld4Uxs

• Setting up the dolly and tripod etc –

http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=Dg-AQn5RJ0Q

• Assembling the dolly –

http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=eDb7a_IVBX8

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